Beijing | History , Facts & Architect
- Beijing, the Chinese capital, has a fascinating 3,000–year history. Politics, culture, and trade have long centred around the city. has shaped China’s history and identity since its founding as a small hamlet.
- The Western Zhou Dynasty established as a small hamlet (1046-771 BCE).was in southwest. Yan invaded Ji and renamed it Yanjing during the Warring States (475-221 BCE). Youzhou was renamed Yan’s capital during the Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE).
- The Khitans, Manchurian nomads, formed the Liao Dynasty in the 10th century (907-1125 CE). They ruled Youzhou. This time, Nanjing was renamed (Southern Capital). The Jurchens, a competing Manchurian tribe, defeated the Liao Dynasty in 1125 CE and formed the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234 CE). They renamed Nanjing Zhongdu (Central Capital).
- Kublai Khan, the Mongol leader, founded the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368 CE) and made Zhongdu his capital. He dubbed it Dadu (Great Capital) and built the Forbidden City. With over one million people, Dadu became one of the world’s largest and wealthiest cities.
Ming and Qing.
- The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 CE) defeated the Yuan Dynasty and made Nanjing their capital. In 1421 CE, Emperor Yongle returned the capital to Dadu, renaming it Beijing (Northern Capital). The Ming Dynasty built the Temple of Heaven and Ming Tombs, among other Beijing sites. The Qing Dynasty (1644-1912 CE) made their capital and expanded its architecture and infrastructure. The Summer Palace and Old Summer Palace were added to the Forbidden City.
- Imperialism and instability devastated China in the late 19th century. Beijing’s Boxer Rebellion began in 1900. Foreign forces defeated the revolt and took. The 1911 Xinhai Revolution overthrew the Qing Dynasty and established the Republic of China.
The PRC’s founding.
- Mao Zedong and the Communist Party founded the People’s Republic of China in 1949. Beijing became capital again and witnessed tremendous transformations throughout the Communist era. Socialist architecture replaced many historic buildings. Several city landmarks were demolished or damaged during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976).
Facts of Beijing.
- Beijing has urbanised rapidly since the 1980s economic reforms. It is a worldwide city with a strong economy, rich culture, and contemporary infrastructure. The world’s most populous city,, with about 21 million residents. It’s bustling.
- , China’s capital, is full of history, culture, and tradition. Almost 21 million people live in this dynamic city. Interesting Beijing facts:
- China’s capital since the Yuan Dynasty is Beijing.
- , Nanjing, Luoyang, and Xi’an are China’s Four Great Ancient Capitals.
- China’s “Northern Capital” is.
- The UNESCO World Heritage Site Forbidden City in was the imperial palace for 500 years.
- Near stands the Great Wall of China, an international landmark.
- Beijing’s Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, and Ming Tombs among China’s most iconic sites.
- Beijing’s 2008 Summer Olympics were a success and raised its global profile.
- food includes Peking Duck, hot pot, and dumplings.
- Peking opera and Chinese calligraphy are famous in the city.
- To accommodate its rising population and economy, builds new buildings and infrastructure every year.
- Bars, clubs, and restaurants serve locals and tourists in the city’s lively nightlife.
- Beijing’s top universities are Peking University and Tsinghua University.
- Modern metro and bus systems serve the city.
- Beijing’s air pollution is notorious. Air pollution persists despite government efforts.
- Many international organisations and diplomatic missions are based in the city, making it a hub for international collaboration.
- Beijing has rich history, culture, and tradition. It’s a thriving city with a distinct identity.
Architect of Beijing.
- Beijing, China’s capital, has stunning architecture. Famous architects have designed the city’s temples, palaces, and skyscrapers. These Beijing architects are influential:
- Liang Sicheng, the “founder of modern Chinese architecture,” was an architect, historian, and educator. He saved Beijing’s Forbidden City and Temple of Heaven. The National Library of China and People’s Assembly Hall are among his modern city buildings.
- I. M. Pei, a Chinese architect, was born in Guangzhou. He designed Hong Kong’s Bank of China Tower and Washington, D.C.’s National Gallery of Art East Building. Pei designed the Beijing Fragrant Hill Hotel and Suzhou Museum.
- Wang Shu: Contemporary architect Wang Shu uses traditional Chinese architecture techniques and materials in creative ways. In 2012, he became China’s first Pritzker Architecture Award winner. The Ningbo History Museum and China Academy of Art Xiangshan Campus are his Beijing projects.
- Zhang Bo: Young architect Zhang Bo is known for his sustainable design. He designed Beijing No. 4 High School Fangshan Campus, which uses local materials and Chinese characteristics.
- Ma Yansong: Visionary architect Ma Yansong creates futuristic designs. He created MAD Architects in 2004 and has designed several notable Beijing structures, including the Absolute Towers in Canada and the Chaoyang Park Plaza.
- These architects have made Beijing beautiful and useful. These landmarks and buildings continue to influence the city’s architecture.
Parking lots of Beijing.
- Beijing’s transportation and parking are difficult due to its population. Modern metro and bus systems serve the city. Beijing has millions of cars, making parking difficult. parking lot facts:
- has approximately 6 million registered vehicles.
- The city has only about 1 million parking spaces.
- parking costs 10-15 RMB per hour (about $1.50–$2.25 USD).
- City centre parking is 20-50 RMB per hour (approximately $3-$7.50 USD).
- Beijing has many multi-level parking lots with valet parking.
- Government and VIP parking facilities make it harder for normal drivers to locate a spot.
- The city has promoted public transportation and reduced traffic in recent years.
- Electronic payment mechanisms and real-time parking availability information have been promoted by the government.
- Beijing features a bike-sharing service for short rides.
- During peak hours and significant events, Beijing parking can still be difficult.
- In conclusion, Beijing’s traffic and insufficient parking places make parking difficult. To make the city more accessible and sustainable for inhabitants and visitors, the government is encouraging public transportation and smart parking technology.