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Coliseum History, Architect, Facts



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  • The speculation comes to an end when you meet Heinz-Jürgen Beset of the German Archaeological Institute in Rome, the world’s foremost  expert Coliseum History on the amazing, long-ignored ruins known as the hypogeum under the Coliseum. Beset has devoted a significant portion of the last 14 years to interpreting the hypogeum, which is the Greek word for “underground,” and at the huge labyrinth’s center this past September, I stood alongside him.
  • Just then, a worker crossed a portion of the arena floor that Coliseum Coliseum History officials had rebuilt a decade earlier to give a sense of how the stadium seemed during its prime, when gladiators battled to the death for the entertainment of the audience. The noise of the footsteps surprised me. Beste raised an eyebrow and grinned. “Can you picture the sound of a few elephants?”
  • Many people today Coliseum History are able to visualize this for themselves. This past October, the hypogeum was opened to the public after a $1.4 million refurbishment project.
  • He has illustrated the inventiveness and accuracy of the system, as well as its crucial role in the magnificent shows of imperial Rome, by reconstructing the intricate machinery that once existed beneath the Coliseum floor using the skeletal remnants of the Hypogeum.
  • Due to the variety of plants that had established roots among the remains, the Coliseum soon became a well-liked destination for botanists. Naturalists started creating thorough flora catalogues in 1643, containing 337 distinct species.
  • Coliseum History
  • Groundwater floods prevented archaeological digs from reaching it in 1813 and 1874. Workers finally finished removing all of the earth from the hypogeum in the 1930s, during Benito Mussolini’s celebration of Classical Rome.

                 Architecture of the Coliseum:

Coliseum History, Architect, Facts


  1. Emperors Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian, the FL avian Emperors, oversaw the construction of the Coliseum between 70 and 80 AD. This is the reason for the Amphitheatre Labium, often known as the FL avian Amphitheater.
  2. It is possible to see Vespasian’s construction of the Coliseum as a populist project.  On the location of the man-made lake Nero built as part of the Domes Area, planning started in 70 AD and building started in 72 AD.
  3.  For comparison, that is about twice as long and 1.5 times as wide as a football field in the present.The limestone variety known as travertine was first quarried in Tibur, which is close to the present-day city of Tivoli.
  4. There were examples of all three of the dominant architectural movements of the time:
  5. A Roman adaptation of the austere Greek Doric form, the Tuscan style was used for the ground floor columns.
    Ionic columns were slightly more ornate on the second story.
    Corinthian architecture, which was more ornate and detailed, was used on the third floor.
  6. So the Coliseum’s level of artistic complexity increased from bottom to top. Each half-column served as the focal point of one of the 80 arches that made up the exterior perimeter of the structure on the first three stories. At 4.2 meters wide and 7.05 meters high, these were the largest on the ground floor. They were the same width but somewhat shorter (6.45 meters tall) on the two higher stories.

6 facts about the Coliseum:

1) The Coliseum is the world’s biggest amphitheater, or “theatre in the round”! It is oval-shaped and 189 m long, 156 m broad, and 50 m high (about the height of a 12 story building). A contemporary football field could fit within this historic sports arena with ease!

2) This magnificent structure had 80 entrances and could accommodate about 50,000 spectators for games and sporting activities. Gladiatorial contests, wild animal hunts, and ship naval battles were among these events.

3) Open to all! There was no admission charge for the main events at the Coliseum, which were frequently those that the emperors themselves planned and funded. Free food was also occasionally provided. Bonus! Emperors would do this in order to acquire the public’s favor and support.

4) Gladiatorial contests and animal hunts both remained into the fifth century as games that lasted for generations.

5) There were a lot of rooms and tunnels beneath the Coliseum. In the arena, there were 36 trap doors for added effects.

6) Despite the fact that the coliseum has lost two-thirds of its original structure throughout time—mostly due to earthquakes, fires, and vandalism—it is nevertheless a well-liked tourist destination today.

                 Where to park in Coliseum:

Coliseum History, Architect, Facts


  • Rome’s most iconic landmark, the Coliseum, sits in the city’s ancient district and receives almost 7 million visitors a year. Your journey to Rome must include a stop there.
  •  Parclick allows you to reserve a parking space in the heart of ancient Rome. We’ll provide you the chance to benefit from the most affordable rates, and you’ll always have a reserved parking space close to the Coliseum, selected among the many budget-friendly parking lots in Rome.
  • A wise move when visiting Rome is to park close to the Coliseum. Both because you can explore the entire historic district on foot and because the Piazza del Colossae serves as the hub of the city’s public transportation system. Both the Vatican City and all of Rome’s most recognizable neighborhoods are accessible from here.
  • All of the bus lines listed above as well as the tram lines 3 and 8 stop in front of the Coliseum. The Colossae Metro station on line B is another option. The Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls is accessible through this route, along with Circa Massimo, Pyramided Casita, and Rome Termini and Roma Tibur Tina stations.
  • The greatest options are provided by Par click if you do not know where to park in Rome. When visiting Rome, reserve a long-term parking space online to enjoy the Coliseum and the city at your leisure.


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