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Hagia Sophia | History, Architecture, Mosaics & Facts



Hagia Sophia Throughout History

  1. Hagia Sophia is still recognized to be one of the most significant buildings ever created. It was both a magnificent engineering marvel and a representation of the power of the Byzantine Empire.
  2. Long before Justinian, Citadel has a long history. Constantine the Great extended the old city by three times its original size before shifting the capital of the Roman Empire to the city of Byzantium and calling it Constantinople. In order to accommodate new believers, the city needed extra land since a significant population was being relocated there. Alexius II completed the construction of a sizable cathedral near to the Imperial palace in 360.
  3. There is little information available concerning the appearance or significance of this church. The fact that it is referred to as the Great Church suggests the colossal size and significance it formerly had. According to Roman and Holy Land churches from the fourth century, it was most likely a U-shaped basilica. After patriarch John Chrysostom was banished from the city in 404, this cathedral was demolished during the uprising. Theodosius II’s directive to start building the new church was carried out almost soon. Around 430, the name Galleries first entered usage. A basilica with five naves, galleries, and an atrium on the west side, this new church was
  4. most likely. In 532, Inscriptions Fort was completely destroyed during the Nika Revolt against Justinian .


  • The Hagia Sophia, which has two semidomes on either side of the longitudinal axis and a massive main dome of 32 metres (105 feet) in height, blends a longitudinal basilica and a centred edifice in an entirely novel way.
  • The Hagia Sophia remained unique, even though Justinian’s domed basilicas served as the inspiration for Byzantine architecture, and no attempt was ever made by Byzantine builders to replicate it. The structure is nearly square in design, but when viewed from within, it appears to be rectangular because of the large semidomes to the east and west that extend the effect of the roof.
  • The windows in the curtain walls (non-load-bearing exterior walls) above the galleries and the base of the dome disguise the supports in the bright sunlight and give the appearance that the canopy is floating on air.
  • The earliest writers all spoke of them in the highest terms. The Hagia Sophia is still standing, though, and for that reason it deserves to be listed among the greatest structures ever built.

                       Mosaic of Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia


  • Mosaics were used to magnificently beautify over the course of several centuries throughout the Byzantine era. The Virgin Mary, Jesus, saints, and emperors or empresses were all featured in these mosaics. The oldest mosaics’ histories are unknown because many of them were covered over or destroyed during the Iconoclasm. The well-known ones begin with the restoration of orthodoxy and reach their pinnacle under the suzerainty of Basil I and Constantine VII.
  • Numerous Byzantine structures, notably Sophia, were looted by Latin crusaders during the fourth crusade in 1204. Many exquisite mosaics were taken out and transported to Venice. The mosaics were covered with whitewash or plaster after the Ottomans took control of Constantinople in 1453 and converted into a mosque.
  • The mosaics were discovered and duplicated for documentation during the brothers’ repair work in 1847. However, they continued to be protected until 1931, when Thomas oversaw the start of a for restoration and recovery.

Interesting Fun Facts

  • Moonquakes do occurred, albeit less frequently than earthquakes. That’s accurate. Moonquakes. This is always a nice statistic to bring up because almost everyone is fascinated in space.
  • On a flight, you actually lose a significant portion of your taste senses. This could explain a lot about those subpar in-flight meals and the reason you crave salty foods when you’re in the air.
  • The biggest internal organ in your body is really your small intestine, which may seem paradoxical.
    Although you are certainly aware of how slowly snails move, did you notice that they also have the longest naps? Up to three years can pass between naps.
  • The knowledge that birds cannot live in space because they require gravity to swallow may assuage your envy of their ability to fly.
  • Bees can sting each other, although they often do so to defend their area or if they feel threatened. To put it another way, you’re not the only one who fears being stung.
  • You are aware that tigers have striped fur whether you have seen one in person or in a picture. However, they also have striped skin.
  • If you enjoy cats, you might find the following interesting information surprising: Cats are unable to taste anything sweet. They probably can’t get enough of their preferred salty snack because of this.
  • You may be aware that each person has a unique fingerprint, but did you know that each person also has a unique tongue print?

                          ROOMS & SUITES

Hagia Sophia | History, Architecture, Mosaics & Facts


  • Classic double or twin rooms truly capture the essence of a vacation in paradise. Rest in the serene Sura Hotels after a long day of exploring Istanbul from the ancient peninsula.
  • In the Sura Hagia Sophia Hotel’s Standard Rooms, savour the opulent ambiance of history. In the Sura Hagia Sophia Hotel’s contemporary premium rooms, unwind and revitalise yourself.
  • Enjoy your stay to the fullest in one of the Sura Hagia Sophia Hotel’s comfortable rooms. For your ideal journey to Istanbul with a bustling city perspective, we blended comfort with our area of expertise.
  • You will be surrounded by comfort and sophistication when staying in a Superior Room. Join us for a stunning experience in the centre of the city.
  • You will be surrounded by comfort and sophistication when staying in a Superior Room. the breathtaking Hagia Sophia view as you first open your eyes in the morning.




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