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Istanbul | History, Population, Map & Facts



The history of Istanbul Turkey

The first human settlement on the Asian side, dates from the Copper Age, with dating from 5500 to 3500. It also worth noting that on the European side, near the peninsula’s tip , a settlement existed in the early first millennium. Modern authors have linked it to the possible Thracian, which Pliny the Elder mentioned as an earlier name for Byzantium.

The city’s proper history begins around when Greek settlers from the area and founded Byzantium on the European side of the . It fell to the Roman Republic in 196 BC[15] and was known in Latin as Byzantium until 330, when it was renamed Constantinople and became the new capital of the Roman Empire. The Ottoman Turks made Constantinople their capital.

The city’s population had declined during the  period, but as the Ottoman Empire approached its historical peak, the city grew to a population of close to 700,000 in the 16th century,[17] ranking among the world’s most populous cities once more.Byzantium is the name that gave to the city.The city took on the name Constantinople after that.Byzantines constructed  Church in the sixth century.The empire experienced great upheaval in the middle of the fourth century AD. It served as the focal point for military operations that would significantly expand the Ottoman Empire.

Istanbul population World fact book:

The city experienced its fastest population growth in the latter half of the 20th century, when it went from 983,000 residents in 1950 to 10,923,000 in 2000. Expanding the city limits has contributed to some of the population growth, particularly during the 1980s when the number of Istanbul residents doubled. Istanbul is one of the cities in the world with the fastest growth, expanding at a rate of 3.45%.

Istanbul Demographics

  • In 2007, there were only 43,000 foreigners living in Istanbul, and only 28% of them were native to the city. The majority of Turkey’s ethnic and religious minorities reside in Istanbul.
  • With a population of up to 3 million and origins in southeastern and eastern Turkey, the Kurdish community is Istanbul’s largest ethnic minority. The world’s largest Kurdish population resides here.
  • A sizable Jewish population once lived in Turkey, numbering 100,000 in 1950; however, this number fell to 18,000 in 2005. Jews primarily reside in Istanbul and Izmir. Additionally, 17,000 Assyrians/Syrians live in Istanbul, as well as a sizable population of Roma. The oldest Roma community in all of Europe is located in Istanbul’.
  • The majority of Istanbul Christians during the 1800s belonged to the Greek Orthodox or Armenian Apostolic Church, but this changed during the 20th century as a result of a population exchange between Turkey and Greece, a wealth tax in the 1940s, and riots in the 1950s. Since then, the number of Greeks has decreased from 130,000 in 1923 to about 3,000 by 2000. Due in part to the Armenian Genocide, the Armenian community has also declined, but thanks to recent immigration, it has recovered. Up to 70,000 Armenians may now be found in the city, down from 164,000 in 1913.

City Size and Population Density:

Istanbul spans a vast area, measuring 1,539 square km in total (594 square miles). Istanbul’s population density is significantly higher than Turkey’s, which is only 102 people per square km (2,523/sq mi). The European side of the city, as well as the southwest, west, and northwest, have the densest populations, while on the Asian side has the densest population.


  1. Maps are useful as historical records in addition to their artistic qualities. They provide details about the growth of the cities where we live and visual information about our cultural history.
  2. We must go back to the first quarter of the 15th century if we want to trace Istanbul’s history on maps. The perspective spatial map of (d. 1431), dated 1422, is the earliest known map of Istanbul.
  3.  He visited Constantinople at least twice, according to known facts. In an atlas titled Liber Insularum Archipelagi (Book of the Aegean Islands), which he dedicated to Cardinal Giardano Orsini, he compiled his sketches and notes. The book, whose original is lost, is available in a number of copies in libraries across Europe.

                                4 Interesting Facts about Istanbul

Istanbul | History, Population, Map & Facts


Discover 20 fascinating facts about Istanbul; we guarantee you won’t have known most of them and that you’ll find them amusing and surprising.Istanbul immediately conjures up images of opulent Oriental culture, fairytale-like architecture, exotic traditions, and the aroma of spices. For two thousand years, this crossroads of Western and Eastern culture has been one of the strongest and richest cities on Earth. Let us share some interesting facts about Istanbul, a city that is truly unique, with you because everything about it is fascinating.

One city, two continents

The only city in the world that is situated on two continents is Istanbul. The Bosphorus Strait, which connects the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, is what naturally separates Europe from Asia.

City of many names

A fun fact is that the Turkish post office stopped delivering mail with the address “Constantinople” because so many people continued to use the old name of the city. This forced people to start using the new name.

The surprising history of Hagia Sophia

We can surprise you with one of Istanbul’s peculiarities: Two Vikings wrote their names in the Runic alphabet on the Hagia Sophia wall in the ninth century, during the Byzantine era. You can still see the carved runes that they made. Therefore, the practice of vandals writing “I was here, John Smith 2019” on the walls of well-known locations is much older than you might have imagined.

Religions of Istanbul

Istanbul is a melting pot of various cultures, which also includes a variety of religions. Although Muslims now make up officially 99% of the city’s population, this wasn’t always the case. The city’s ethnic and religious makeup was extremely diverse throughout the Ottoman Empire. For instance, the 1914 census found that Jews and people of other religions made up about 35% of the population of Istanbul, with the majority being Greek and Armenian Orthodox Christians.

Five times a day, the city’s minarets call for prayer, like they do in every other country where Islam is practiced. You can also frequently see individuals praying on the streets or in other public locations.



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