Notre Dame Cathedral (Paris) | History, Facts, Architecture
Historical Notre dame cathedral history
- The Notre Dame Cathedral is one of the most famous buildings in Paris (and all of Europe, for that matter). This Catholic treasure dates back more than 800 years. One of these was Henry VI of England’s coronation in the cathedral itself in 1431.
- describing the Cathedral’s past Without mentioning Joan of Arc, the peasant girl whose heroic exploits are well-documented in French history books, Paris would not be complete. She was incredibly courageous and said she received visions from God. Even though this poor girl lacked tangible possessions, she was rich in her character and spirituality. She supported France in the wars against the English army thanks to her bravery and visions. The well-known historical figure Joan of Arc astute military strategies helped France defeat England in numerous battles. She was a strong advocate for the monarchy as well, and inadvertently contributed to Charles coronation. But the courageous girl’s story did not end here. Joan of Arc was judged both innocent and a martyr on July 7, 1456. Pope Pius X had her beatified in Paris’ renowned church in 1909.
- The Roman Catholic Church continues to use Cathedral, often known as “our lady,” for Sunday mass. It also serves as the residence of the Archbishop of Paris. A magnificent 17th century organ with all of its working parts is located inside the Cathedral along with many other historical artifacts. Additionally, there are sketches, plans, and engravings that reveal the long-hidden secrets of the construction of several churches as well as the history of Paris. The Blog is a terrific resource for learning more about the famous cathedral that not only Catholics but all tourists to Paris fall in love with.
6 facts about Notre-dame cathedral
A Pagan City Lies Below The Cathedral
Formerly known as Letitia, the Lie-de-la-Cite was the site of the Gallo-Roman city that now houses Notre-Dame de Paris. The archaeological crypt beneath the square directly in front of has further architectural ruins discovered in the 1960s and 1970s, many of which date back to this ancient period.
There’s Some Recycled Architecture On Its Façade
The western façade of has three portals, each adorned with carved saints and holy scenes. The Portal Sainte-Anne, on the other hand, has a considerably earlier style than the others, thus it doesn’t seem to belong. Compared to the other statues, several of its figures, like the central Virgin and Child, have harsher stances and less realistic facial characteristics.
Its Flying Buttresses Were Gothic Trendsetters
One of the first buildings with exterior flying buttresses was the cathedral. Although there is some disagreement over whether Notre-Dame was the first church to use them, the exposed flying buttresses were a defining feature of Gothic architecture and undoubtedly established the standard for religious construction.
Twenty-Eight Of Its Kings Lost Their Heads In The French Revolution
The two towers of Notre-Dame have the appearance of being twins at first glance. A closer look reveals that the north tower is really slightly larger than the south tower. They were constructed over time, much like the other components of the cathedral, and they demonstrate how the structure is more of a synthesis of leadership and architectural styles than the realization of a single individual’s vision.
Its Bells Were Once Melted Down For Artillery
However, the coronation did not reverse the decline in its structural quality. In his 1831 novel Notre-Dame de Paris, author Victor Hugo treated the structure as a representation of France itself. (The title of the novel is frequently translated as The Hunchback of Notre Dame, but Quasimodo, the bell ringer with a hunchback, is not the major role; Notre-Dame is.) Hugo also vividly recalled its deteriorated 19th-century condition:
Its Monsters Are Modern, Not Medieval
From the perspective of its gargoyles or chimaera (the carved monsters that don’t function as waterspouts), Notre-Dame has appeared in some of the most well-known photographs.
- During the Renaissance, when tastes in art and architecture changed, the Gothic design of Notre-Dame Cathedral lost appeal. When King Louis XIII put the French monarchy under the protection of the Virgin Mary in the 17th century, the cathedral experienced a resurgence in popularity. He desired to alter the cathedral in order to demonstrate his devotion. These alterations started under King Louis XIV’s rule at the start of the 18th century and persisted under his son, Louis XV.
- The Notre-Dame Cathedral required urgently extensive repairs during the 19th century due to its state of decay. The Hunchback of Notre-Dame by Victor Hugo raised awareness of the situation and sparked interest in the cathedral’s future.Viollet-le-Duck carried on the monumental undertaking alone after Lassos passed away in 1857.Following the completion of this extensive restoration, the cathedral underwent only maintenance during the 20th century.
- The cathedral was once more in critical need of repair because of the effects of time, weather, pollution, and the poor quality of stone used in the 19th century restoration. The French government started a second significant repair project in 2018 to address these urgent circumstances.
- The project’s entire scope was altered on April 15, 2019, when a horrific fire started underneath Cathedral’s roof. The cathedral’s roof, vaults, and interior sustained significant damage from the fire, which also damaged the spire.
- The goal right now is to reconstruct Notre-Dame Cathedral.
Parking options in Notre Dame
- The most popular tourist destination in France is, in fact, theCathedral, which is located in the heart of Paris. not the Louvre or the Eiffel Tower. We don’t know if this is because of its inclusion in Victor Hugo’s “The Hunchback of or because of the towering towers, lovely windows, or impressive attitude.
- So far, everything seems fairly impressive, right? There is something that you simply must see, but parking is a small issue. What can you do because it is nearly difficult to get on-street parking here? Of course, use Par click to reserve your parking space at Notre Dame Cathedral in advance. Know that there will be a place for you to leave your car when you get there, wherever you want, for whatever long you want.