Potala Palace History , Architect & Facts
History Of Potala Palace
- It stood there until the fifth Dalai Lama opted to use the existing structure as the foundation for a larger structure, which is still standing today.
- Under the rule of the fifth Dalai Lama, construction on The Potala Palace began approximately 1645 AD. It is currently one of the most stunning world heritage sites. The 13th Dalai Lama restored the Potala Palace in 1922 AD, adding two levels to the Potrang Marpo and refurbishing numerous chapels and meeting rooms of Potrang Karpo.
- The Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace in Lhasa’s stunning and unique architecture, rich ornamentation, and seamless incorporation into the surrounding terrain increase its historic and religious appeal.
- It is located atop Potala Mountain in Lhasa, the capital of the Tibet autonomous territory. The 5th Dalai Lama relocated to the palace in 1653 from Drepung Monastery. As a result, the palace evolved into Tibet’s political hub.
- The worship and pagoda halls, the North Square, the South Square, and the Dragon King Pond are among the palace’s halls. The main structure has 13 stories and measures around 360 metres in width and 110 metres in height. Eight temples, home to tens of thousands of Buddhist statues, encircle it. The 7th-century paintings by Songtsan Gompo and Wencheng are still visible in the Buddhist Practice Cave. The Qingsha building, where the Qing Dynasty’s ministers for Tibetan affairs presided over the Dalai Lamas’ inauguration, is another significant structure.
Things Worth Knowing About the Potala Palace
- Nothing in the buildings of Lhasa city, including brand-new apartment buildings, historic homes, temples, and monasteries, are higher than the Potala Palace’s roof. This is done out of respect for the sacred location.
- Songstan Gampo, the 33rd ruler of Tubo (a Tibetan state), relocated his capital to Lhasa and began constructing the Potala Palace in the seventh century. It eventually rose to become the royal residence.
- There were several Tibetan governments without capitals in Lhasa.
Eight Dalai Lama mummies are kept in the Potala Palace.
- Stupas at certain Tibetan monasteries contain the complete remains of monks. The Dalai Lamas’ tombs can be found inside the Potala Palace’s stupas.
More than 3,700 kilogrammes of gold are covered on the stupa of the Fifth Dalai Lama!
- The most opulent and prized stupa is that of the Fifth Dalai Lama.
- The stupa is 4.102 US tonnes (4.21 kg) of gold thick and is 14.85 metres (48’8″) tall.
- The stupa is covered in more than 18,000 jewels, including pearls, coral, amber, and agate.
Milk has been used to paint the palace’s walls.
It took more than a month to complete the artwork centuries ago. These days, it takes 10 days to complete.
Aspects of the Potala Palace’s architecture
- Each year, groundskeepers paint the Red and White Palaces’ exteriors using a mixture of milk, honey, and sugar to maintain their vibrant hues. Moreover, the paint helps retain heat in the winter and lets it out in the summer. Moreover, each roof includes a bell-shaped spire that may carry lightning.
- With its two main structures, the White and Red Palace, rising 384 feet up Red Hill into its sheer rock face, the Potala Palace resembles a gigantic walled fortress. The cliffs appear to be the palaces’ foundations.
- On top of Red Hill, the Potala Palace sprawls across more than 360,000 square metres. They have more than 20,000 statues, 10,000 shrines, and 1,000 chambers.