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Red Fort | Old Delhi, History, Architecture & Facts




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Old Delhi, India’s Red Fort, also referred as Lal Qalah or Lal Kila, is a Mughal fort. It was constructed by Shah Jahan in the middle of the 17th century and is now a popular tourist destination. In 2007, UNESCO named the fort a World Heritage landmark.

A network of palaces and pleasure rooms, rising balconies, spas and internal waterways, geometrical gardens, and an elaborate mosque are all enclosed within the fort’s enormous red sandstone walls, which are 75 feet (23 feet) high. The Hall of Public Meeting (Diwan-i-Am), which has 60 red sandstone pillars supporting a flat roof, and the smaller Hall of Private Audience (Diwan-i-Khas), which has a pavilion made of white marble, are two of the most well-known buildings in the complex.

The Tomara monarch Anangapala had constructed an earlier crimson fort in Old Delhi in the 11th century. On the spot presently sits the Qub Mosque.

Red fort old Delhi India

The Lal Kila was the palace fort of Shahjahanabad, the king’s new capital also known as Old Delhi, and was built by the fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1648 when he decided to transfer his headquarters from Agra to Delhi. The Red Fort in Agra, which his grandfather Akbar the Great completed, served as the model for the Red Fort in Delhi. The Delhi Red Fort Complex, which spans 49.1815 hectares (256 acres), also includes the Salimgarh, an older fort that was erected nearby by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. It took over ten years to build this huge walled construction. The building was started in 1638 by Ustad Hamid and Ustad Ahmad of Shah Jahan’s court, and it was finished in 1648.

The octagonal-shaped Lal Qila served as the administrative centre of the Mughal Empire for around 200 years before the British took control. It was constructed on the banks of the Yamuna river, whose waters supplied the moats surrounding the fort.

8 Interesting Facts About Red Fort (Lal Qila)


                                                Red Fort was previously “White

Red Fort | Old Delhi, History, Architecture & Facts

The fort was initially constructed in a white tint. Many of the building’s components, according to the ASI (Archaeological Survey of India), were composed of lime stone. The white stone on the fort began to flake off during the British era, at which point it was painted red.

2. The Fort’s name derives from its walls.

The border walls of the Red Fort are what give it its name. To strengthen the protection of the forts and the royals residing there, the enormous and tall border walls were constructed. The British dubbed this fort “Crimson Fort” because its wall was built with red bricks and stones. Locals have taken to calling it LalQila over time. Travelers from all over the world stop by Delhi’s Red Fort as part of their tours of the city.

3. Red Fort’s original name

The most credible theory regarding the building of Red Fort is that it was constructed during the Mughal era. This fort’s grandeur will improve your Delhi vacation packages. When this enormous structure was first constructed, it was known as “Qila-E-Mubarak,” which roughly translates to “The Blessed Fort.” This monument was reportedly constructed when Shah Jahan chose to move his capital from Agra to Delhi.

4. Red Fort furniture and Kohinoor diamonds

The largest diamond in the world, which adorns the crown of the English queen, was once a source of pride for India. The Kohinoor, also known by its Arabic name Koh-i-Noor, was a piece of Shah Jahan’s throne. Solid gold and beautiful stones were used to decorate this throne. There is no longer a gold throne or a Kohinoor diamond, but there are still numerous tales that will make your trip to India unforgettable.

5. Red Fort’s Lahore Gate

The Delhi Gate and the Lahore Gate are the only two entrances to the enormous and beautiful fort of Delhi. Since it opens in the direction of Lahore, Lahore Gate earned its name. It is hardly surprising that our neighbouring nation gave the gate its name because Pakistan and India were formerly one country.

6. Red Fort’s Water Gate

There is one additional gate in the fort called the Water Gate in addition to all the other large gates. On the Yamuna River’s bank, it was constructed. The main purpose of this gate was to make sure that the Yamuna River was accessible. The Yamuna River’s path has altered over time, yet it still bears its name.

7. Red Fort’s Rang Mahal

The Red Fort, which is renowned for its exquisite design, is compact and has a number of buildings that have been occupied by several Mughal emperors. Rang Mahal, which meaning palace of colours in Arabic, is one of Red Fort’s most magnificent palaces. The emperor’s wives, mistresses, and maids lived in the palace. Khas Mahal, the emperor’s magnificent private palace, is located next to Rang Mahal so that the monarch can visit the queens whenever he pleases. Except for the princesses and queens, no one else was permitted here.

8. In red Fort, the final Mughal Emperor was tried

For many centuries, Mughal emperors resided in Red Fort. One of the last Mughal kings, Bahadur Shah, was found guilty of treason here and tried by the British in his own home (Red Fort). Bahadur Shah was found guilty after the trial in front of the British council in Diwan-I-Khas. He was later banished to Rangoon (Myanmar). You can learn a lot more similar tales on your cultural and heritage tour in Delhi.

                                      Red Fort Architecture

Red Fort | Old Delhi, History, Architecture & Facts


The 255-acre fort is decorated with a variety of architectural styles, including Islamic, Hindi, Timurid, and Persian. The monument’s name derives from the red sandstone used in its huge, 2.5-km-long surrounding walls.

Along with “Meena Bazar,” which served as the royal ladies’ primary shopping destination, the covered passage also contained “Naubat Khana,” which served as a musical haven where talented musicians would perform for the emperor and the arrival of the princesses. In addition to the Lahori gate, the fort contains several gates; the most notable ones are the Ajmeri gate, Kashmiri gate, Mori gate, Turkman gate, and Delhi gate.

The Red Fort, also known as Lal Quila, is home to all the relics of the Mughal dynasty, including the mosque (Moti Masjid), well-kept and elaborately designed gardens, halls for both public and private audiences, and domed and arched marble palaces. The emperor heard complaints from his subjects in the “Diwan-i-Am” hall, while “Diwan-i-Khas” was used for private meetings. The Red Fort is a masterpiece, and other rooms like the “Hammam” (Royal Bath), “Shah Burj” (Shah Jahan’s private working area), “Pearl Mosque,” and “Rang Mahal” (where princesses and mistresses lived,”) only add to its grandeur.



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