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The Alhambra, Spain History , Facts & Architect



History of The Alhambra, Spain

  • West of the city of Granada, on the Sabika hill, is where you’ll find the Alhambra. From this vantage point, you can see the entire city as well as the Granada plain (vega).
  • The compound has an amorphous shape and is fortified by walls. The Alhambra covers a total area of almost 26 acres, has more than a mile of walls, 30 towers, and countless other smaller buildings.
  • The Darrow River flows through a wide valley to the north towards the plateau’s foot.
  • On the other hand, the Generalife Garden is located close by on the Sun Hill’s slopes.

The complex of Alhambra

  • The Alcazaba, a military camp that housed guards and their families, the palatial zone, which had various palaces for the sultan and his clan, and the Medina, a neighbourhood where court officials lived and worked, were the three main areas of the Alhambra during its heyday.
  • Three separate regions made up the Nasrid palaces. These included the Court of the Myrtles (an outdoor area with a sizable central pond bordered by myrtle bushes), the Mexuar (a semipublic part of the palace for justice administration and state affairs), the Comares Palace (the sultan’s official residence), and the Palace of the Lions (the king and his family and mistresses’ private quarters).
  • There were other further buildings inside the Alhambra complex, the Patio of the Lions being possibly its most well-known (or Courtyard of the Lions).

Alhambra’s Early Years

  • Instead of being the creation of a single ruler, the Nasrid dynasty’s subsequent kings were responsible for building the Alhambra.
  • Mohammed I built the Alhambra by strengthening the royal location. He built the Broken Tower, the Keep, and the Watch Tower in order to strengthen the Sabika Alcazaba.
  • He further made it possible for him to create a royal home at the Alcazaba by canalising water from the Darro River. Mohammed I started building the Alhambra palaces and walls as well as warehouses or rooms for soldiers and younger guards.

Facts About The Alhambra, Spain

The Alhambra, Spain History , Facts & Architect

Alhambra Palace was constructed in the thirteenth century.

  • The 13th century saw the construction of the lovely palace that we see today in the Nasrid Complex.
  • The Nasrid dynasty erected the structure because they believed the location to be secure from invasion.
  • When the Spanish had defeated the Moors, this was carried out. In order to maintain the original Palace’s design and attractiveness, they also made improvements to it over the years.
  • The first person to remodel the original Palace was the Moorish King of Granada in the eleventh century. In the fourteenth century, it was transformed into a Royal Palace.
  • Once King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel ruled Andaluca, Christian rulers used later portions of the palace. The palace’s mosque was later turned into a church.
  • European explorers uncovered the Palace after years of neglect and started working on its restoration.

The Palace was strategically placed.

  • In ancient times, the location of a palace and a castle was important.
  • Palaces constructed on hills were heavily fortified, making invasions less likely. For this reason, al-Sabika hill is home to the Alhambra Palace.
  • A beautiful view of the meadow and the area of the present-day city of Granada was provided by this viewpoint. The Romans constructed the fortifications surrounding the Palace in 899 AD.
  • 2430 feet long and 674 feet wide, the plateau. Prior to becoming a Royal residence, the Palace was first used as a military camp.

The Emir Muslims of Spain erected the palace.

  • The original tenants and owners of the Palace were Muslim emirs before the current occupants took possession. They were present as the Nasrid dynasty was disintegrating.
  • British explorers were the first to come across the Palace’s ruins.
  • Today, this Palace is both Granada and Spain’s most visited sight.
  • There are displays of Islamic architecture within, together with Christian structures and lovely gardens from the sixteenth century.
  • You can see the Great Mosque and the Arabian baths, both of which were constructed within the compound under the rule of Mohammed I.

Architect of The Alhambra, Spain

The Alhambra, Spain History , Facts & Architect

Granada, Spain – August 23, 2011: General view of Patio de Arrayanes y Torre de Comares. (The Court of the Myrtles and Comares tower) in the Alhambra de Granada on a sunny day

  • The Alhambra in Granada, Spain is not a single structure but rather a collection of Renaissance and mediaeval residential palaces and courtyards enclosed in a fortress. It is a fortified city from the 13th century that is visible from the Sierra Nevada mountain range in Spain. Alhambra evolved into a city with public restrooms, cemeteries, houses of worship, gardens, and water reservoirs. It served as the residence both Muslim and Christian rulers, though not simultaneously. The beautiful murals, embellished columns and arches, and lavishly ornamented walls that make up the Alhambra’s famous architecture artistically depict a difficult period in Iberian history.
  • Perched on a high terrace on the outskirts of Granada in southern Spain, the ornamental splendour of the Alhambra seems out of place. Perhaps this paradox is what intrigues and attracts the numerous visitors from all over the world to this paradise of the Moors. It can be an interesting adventure to unravel its mysteries.

Alhambra in Spain’s Granada

  • Alhambra today combines the aesthetics of the Islamic and Moorish cultures. The interesting, enigmatic, and iconic nature of Alhambra’s architecture can be attributed to this blending of styles, which is connected to centuries of multi-religious and cultural history in Spain.
  • Nobody refers to these as clerestory windows, but there they are, tall on the wall, appearing as if they were a component of a Gothic cathedral. The mashrabiya lattice adds Moorish elegance to windows that have been connected to Christian churches, even if it is not as long as oriel windows.
  •  In 1238, Mohammed I started building the Alhambra.